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經濟學人:氣候問題(3)

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The scale of the implications underlines another thing that climate change is not. It is not just an environmental problem alongside all the others—and absolutely not one that can be solved by hair-shirt self-abnegation. Change by the people who are most alarmed will not be enough. What is also needed is change in the lives of those who do not yet much care. Climate is a matter for the whole of government. It cannot be shunted off to the minister for the environment whom nobody can name. And that leads to a third thing that climate change is not. It is not a problem that can be put off for a few decades. It is here and now. It is already making extreme events like Hurricane Dorian more likely. Its losses are already there and often mourned—on drab landscapes where the glaciers have died and on reefs bleached of their coral colours. Delay means that mankind will suffer more harm and face a vastly more costly scramble to make up for lost time.

其影響范圍還凸顯了關于氣候變化的另外事實。這不僅僅是一個環境問題,而且絕對不是一個可以通過克己來解決的問題。僅僅靠最警覺的人的改變是不夠的。我們還需要改變那些還不太在意的人的生活。氣候問題是整個政府的事。這件事不能交給環境部長去辦,誰也說不出他的名字。這就引出了氣候變化所沒有的第三個問題。這不是一個可以推遲幾十年的問題。而是發生在此時此地的一個問題。颶風多利安這樣的極端事件發生的可能性越來越大。它的損失已經存在,而且常常是令人悲哀的——在冰川死亡的單調景觀上,在珊瑚顏色褪色的珊瑚礁上。拖延意味著人類將遭受更多的傷害,并面臨更大的代價來彌補失去的時間。
Hanging together
齊心協力

The climate issue3.jpg

What to do is already well understood. And one vital task is capitalism’s speciality: making people better off. Adaptation, including sea defences, desalination plants, drought-resistant crops, will cost a lot of money. That is a particular problem for poor countries, which risk a vicious cycle where the impacts of climate change continuously rob them of the hope for development. International agreements stress the need to support the poorest countries in their efforts to adapt to climate change and to grow wealthy enough to need less help. Here the rich world is shirking its duties.

該做什么已經很清楚了。一項重要的任務就是在資本主義的特殊性:讓人們生活得更好。適應氣候變化,包括海防、海水淡化、抗旱作物,將花費大量資金。這對窮國來說是一個特別的問題,窮國面臨著惡性循環的風險,氣候變化的影響不斷剝奪窮國發展的希望。國際協議強調有必要支持最貧窮國家適應氣候變化的努力,幫助它們富裕起來,減少對援助的需求。在這方面,富裕國家正在逃避自己的責任。
Yet, even if it were to fulfil them, by no means all the effects of climate change can be adapted away. The further change goes, the less adaptation will be able to offset it. That leads to the other need for capital: the reduction of emissions. With plausible technological improvements and lots of investment, it is possible to produce electricity grids that need no carbon-dioxide emitting power stations. Road transport can be electrified, though long-haul shipping and air travel are harder. Industrial processes can be retooled; those that must emit greenhouse gases can capture them.
然而,即使實現了這些目標,氣候變化的所有影響也絕不可能被消除。變化越大,適應能力就越弱,無法抵消這種影響。這就導致了對資本的另一種需求:減排。通過合理的技術改進和大量的投資,有可能建造不需要排放二氧化碳的發電站的電網。公路運輸可以電氣化,盡管長途運輸和航空運輸更加困難。工業過程可以重新加工;那些必須排放溫室氣體的國家可以捕獲它們。

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重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
delay [di'lei]

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v. 耽擱,推遲,延誤
n. 耽擱,推遲,延期

 
adaptation [.ædæp'teiʃən]

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n. 改編,改編成的作品,適應

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greenhouse ['gri:nhaus]

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n. 溫室,暖房

 
rob [rɔb]

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v. 搶劫,掠奪

 
drab [dræb]

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adj. 土褐色的,單調的,乏味的 n. 邋遢女人,娼妓

 
vital ['vaitl]

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adj. 至關重要的,生死攸關的,有活力的,致命的

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particular [pə'tikjulə]

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adj. 特殊的,特別的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

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capture ['kæptʃə]

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vt. 捕獲,俘獲,奪取,占領,迷住,(用照片等)留存<

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absolutely ['æbsəlu:tli]

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adv. 絕對地,完全地;獨立地

 
emit [i'mit]

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vt. 發出,放射,吐露

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